Appointments | 2022


May 2022

Lisa A. Carty | U.S. Representative on the Economic and Social Council of the U.N. and U.S. Alternate Representative to the Sessions of the General Assembly of the U.N.
Lisa A. Carty, of Maryland, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative on the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, Feb.10. In addition, she was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Alternate Representative to the Sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations, March 30. Previously, she served as director for Humanitarian Financing and Resource Mobilization with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Carty has been a leader in both the public and non-profit sectors including 25 years as a diplomat with overseas assignments in Asia, the Middle East, and Russia. Her U.N. career has included work with the U.N. Relief Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees, as well as positions with the Joint U.N. Program on AIDS. Earlier in her career, Carty helped lead the work of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation’s Global Health Program, and was a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. She has a B.A. from Georgetown University, and an M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University. She speaks French. 

Laura Farnsworth Dogu | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Honduras
Laura Farnsworth Dogu (SFS), of Texas, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Honduras, March 11. Previously, she served as a foreign policy advisor to the chief of staff of the U.S. Army. Prior to that, she served at the Federal Bureau of Investigations as the deputy director of the hostage recovery fusion cell, an interagency group of law enforcement, diplomatic, military and the intelligence experts responsible for the recovery of U.S. persons held hostage abroad. Dogu was the ambassador of the United States to Nicaragua from 2015-2018, and she served as deputy chief of mission at Embassy Mexico City. Other overseas assignments included the U.S. Consulate General in Ciudad Juarez, and the U.S. embassies in Turkey, Egypt, and El Salvador. Washington assignments at the Department of State included deputy executive director of the Bureau of Consular Affairs, and Operations Center watch officer. Dogu has an M.S. from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces in Washington, and a B.A., B.B.A. and M.B.A. from Southern Methodist University in Dallas. She speaks Spanish, Turkish, and Arabic.

Christopher R. Hill | U.S. Ambassador to U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Serbia
Christopher R. Hill, of Rhode Island, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Serbia, March 11. Previously, he served as the George Ball adjunct professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. He was dean of the Josef Korbel School of International Studies, and then chief advisor to the chancellor for global engagement and professor of the practice of diplomacy at the University of Denver. Before retiring from the Foreign Service in 2010, Hill served as U.S. ambassador to Iraq, Korea, Poland, and Macedonia, as assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and as head of the U.S. delegation to the Six-Party Talks on North Korea. Earlier in his diplomatic career, Hill served as an economic officer in Belgrade, deputy chief of mission at Embassy Tirana, and ambassador to the Republic of Macedonia. He has a B.A. from Bowdoin College and an M.S. from the Naval War College. Hill speaks Serbian, Polish, Macedonian, and French.

Randi Charno Levine | U.S. Ambassador to the Portuguese Republic
Randi Charno Levine, of New York, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Portuguese Republic, March 11. Previously, she served as commissioner at the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery in Washington. Charno Levine also served as trustee at the Meridian International Center, trustee at the New Museum in New York, and Artemis council member She is a member of the Friends of the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a board member of FACES at New York University’s Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, and a founding member of the High Line Council. She has also served as a former board member at the University of Arizona’s Norton School of Family Consumer Science, the Barbara and Edward Netter Center for Community Partnerships at the University of Pennsylvania, the Hamptons International Film Festival, and she is a published author. Charno Levine has a B.A. degree from the University of Missouri-Columbia.

Patricia Mahoney | U.S. Ambassador to the Central African Republic
Patricia Mahoney (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Central African Republic, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as ambassador to the Republic of Benin. Prior to that, Mahoney served as acting deputy assistant secretary in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (EAP) and the office director of EAP’s Office of Mainland Southeast Asia. Earlier, she was the deputy chief of mission at Embassy Kampala, and deputy chief of mission at Embassy Kathmandu. She also served as director for South Asia at the National Security Council, deputy director of the Office of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh Affairs in the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, the political chief at Embassy Colombo, and the political and economic chief at Embassy Kathmandu. Mahoney has a B.A. from Harvard University, an M.A. from the University of Hawaii, and an M.S. from the National War College in Washington. She speaks French, Thai, Nepali, and Lao.

Virginia E. Palmer | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Ghana
Virginia E. Palmer (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Ghana, March 3. Previously, she served as principal deputy assistant secretary for the Bureau of Energy Resources. She also served as acting assistant secretary since Jan. 2021. Prior to that, Palmer was the deputy commandant and international affairs advisor at the National Defense University’s Eisenhower School. She served as ambassador to the Republic of Malawi, deputy chief of mission and chargé d’affaires at Embassy Pretoria, and deputy chief of mission and chargé d’affaires at Embassy Hanoi. Previous positions included deputy coordinator for counterterrorism, director of the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs’ Office of Economic Policy and assignments in Canada, Zimbabwe, the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong, and Kenya. Palmer has a B.S.F.S. from Georgetown University, and an M.A. from the University of Virginia. She speaks Chinese and French.

Elizabeth “Beth” Van Schaack | U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for Criminal Justice
Elizabeth “Beth” Van Schaack, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for Criminal Justice, March 16. Previously, she served as the Leah Kaplan visiting professor in human rights at Stanford Law School, and was the acting director of the Human Rights and Conflict Resolution Clinic. She was also a faculty fellow with Stanford’s Center for Human Rights and International Justice. Prior to returning to academia, Van Schaack served as deputy to the ambassador-at-large for war crimes issues in the Department of State’s Office of Global Criminal Justice. She has also spent time in private practice with Morrison & Foerster LLP and with the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. Van Schaack has a B.A. from Stanford University, a J.D. from Yale Law School, and a Ph.D. from the University of Leiden School of Law.

David John Young | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Malawi
David John Young (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Malawi, March 3. Previously he served as chargé d’affaires at Embassy Lusaka. Prior to that, he served as chargé d’affaires at Embassy Pretoria, deputy chief of mission at Embassy Abuja, and he held an earlier assignment as deputy chief of mission and chargé d’affaires in Lusaka. Young served as deputy director of the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, and executive assistant to the under secretary for democracy and global affairs. Earlier in his career, Young was a Pearson fellow in the Office of Jim Moran in the U.S. House of Representatives, a public affairs officer at Embassy Guatemala City, director of the Office of International Religious Freedom in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, and he held positions in Vietnam and Panama, as well as domestic positions in the Operations Center, at the United Nations, and in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and the Bureau of International Organizations. Young has a B.A. degree from the University of Missouri, a diploma from Trinity College, University of Dublin, and an M.Div. degree and an M.A. from Boston University. He speaks Spanish. 


April 2022

Joseph Donnelly | U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See
Joseph Donnelly, of Indiana, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See, Jan. 24. Previously, he served as a partner at Akin Gump in Washington. Donnelly served as a U.S. senator from Indiana from 2013 to 2019, and was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 2007 to 2013, representing Indiana’s 2nd Congressional District. Donnelly also served as a member of the Afghanistan Study Group and has been a professor at the University of Notre Dame. He served as chairman of the board of the Soufan Center in New York, and a senior advisor to Inovateus Solar in South Bend, Indiana. Donnelly received a B.A. from the University of Notre Dame, and a J.D. from the University of Notre Dame Law School. 

Amy Gutmann | U.S. Ambassador to Germany
Amy Gutmann, of Pennsylvania, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany, Feb 10. Previously, she served as the president of the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to that, she served in several positions at Princeton University, including as a professor, was the founding director of the University Center for Human Values, and as director of the Ethics and Public Affairs Program. Gutmann is also an award-winning author and editor. She received a B.A. at Harvard-Radcliffe College, an M.S. at the London School of Economics, and a Ph.D. at Harvard University.

Christopher John Lamora | U.S. Ambassador to Cameroon
Christopher John Lamora (SFS) of Rhode Island was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Cameroon, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as deputy chief of mission at Embassy Accra. Lamora served as acting deputy assistant secretary of state for Central Africa and African Security Affairs, during which time he also served as the U.S. representative to the Great Lakes Contact Group. Prior to that, he was the director of the Office of Central African Affairs and the deputy director of the Office of Economic and Regional Affairs, both in the Bureau of African Affairs. Also, Lamora served as the director of the Los Angeles Passport Agency, the deputy consular section chief in Guatemala City, and as a desk officer for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He spent a year as a Pearson Fellow in the Washington office of Senator Richard Durbin. Other assignments included two tours in the Bureau of Consular Affairs’ (CA) Office of Children’s Issues and as the CA’s press spokesperson. Overseas he has held positions at posts in Santo Domingo, Athens, Bangui, and Douala. Lamora received a B.S. from Georgetown University. He speaks French, Spanish, Modern Greek, and Russian.

Tulinabo S. Mushingi | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Angola, and to the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Tulinabo S. Mushingi (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Angola, and to the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, Dec. 20.  Previously, he served as ambassador to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. Prior to that, Mushingi served as ambassador to Burkina Faso from 2013 to 2016. He served as deputy executive secretary; executive director, and supervisory general services officer in the Executive Office of the Secretary; deputy chief of mission in Ethiopia; counselor for management affairs in Dar es Salaam; management officer in Casablanca; and counseling and assignment officer in the Bureau of Human Resources. Before that, he served as post management officer in the Bureau of International Organizations Affairs, and foreign affairs analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. He also served in Mozambique and Malaysia, at the Foreign Service Institute, and as a consultant for the Peace Corps. Mushingi received a B.A. and M.A. from the Institute of Education in Bukavu, Congo, an M.A. from Howard University, and a Ph.D. from Georgetown University. He speaks French, Swahili, Portuguese, and some Malay.

Michèle Taylor | U.S. Representative to the United Nations Human Rights Council
Michèle Taylor, of Georgia, was appointed to serve as United States Representative to the United Nations Human Rights Council, Feb. 22. Previously, Taylor served as a board member of the National Center for Civil and Human Rights and served as its “Power to Inspire” chair and development chair. Since 2010, she has also served as the treasurer of the Atlanta Midtown Improvement District board. Taylor has served as a member of the Committee on State Sponsored Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial, a member of the Committee on Conscience, and a member of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Council. In addition, she has served for almost two decades in various roles for the North Carolina Outward Bound School where she served on the board and also as an instructor and course director. Taylor received a B.A. from Mills College, and an M.A. from Boston University.

Peter Hendrick Vrooman | U.S. Ambassador to Mozambique
Peter Hendrick Vrooman (SFS), of New York, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Mozambique, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as ambassador to the Republic of Rwanda. Prior to that, Vrooman served as chargé d’affaires and deputy chief of mission at Embassy Addis Ababa. He served as director for Iraq on the National Security Council staff and was deputy political counselor at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations in New York. Vrooman served as the spokesperson of Embassy New Delhi, senior adviser for Northern Iraq at Embassy Baghdad, and deputy political counselor at Embassy Tel Aviv. He was an economic/commercial attaché and political officer at Embassy Beirut. He also served as the Algeria desk officer and as a watch officer in the Operations Center. Vrooman’s first overseas assignments were at Embassy Djibouti and the U.S. Liaison Office in Mogadishu. Vrooman received a B.A. from Harvard College and an M.S from the National Defense University, Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He speaks French and Arabic, as well as some Kinyarwanda, Hebrew, German, and Portuguese.


March 2022

Julie Chung | U.S. Ambassador to the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Julie Chung (SFS), of California, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as the acting assistant secretary in the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs after serving as principal deputy assistant secretary since Nov. 2018. Chung served as the director for Japan and acting deputy assistant secretary in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. She was deputy chief of mission in Cambodia and served as an economic counselor in Thailand, deputy political counselor in Bogota, chief of staff in Baghdad, and worked in the Office of Korean Affairs in Washington. She also served in Guangzhou, Tokyo, and Hanoi as a public diplomacy officer and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation coordinator. Chung joined the Foreign Service in 1996 as the first cohort of the Thomas R. Pickering Fellowship program. She received a B.A. from the University of California San Diego and an M.A. from Columbia University. She speaks Korean, Japanese, Spanish, and Khmer.

Sharon L. Cromer | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of The Gambia
Sharon L. Cromer (SFS), of New York, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of The Gambia, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as the mission director at Embassy Accra for USAID. Prior to that, she served as USAID’s mission director for Embassy Dar es Salaam and for Embassy Abuja. Cromer also had an earlier assignment in Accra as mission director. In Washington, she served in USAID as senior deputy assistant administrator and acting assistant administrator in the Africa Bureau, as the deputy assistant administrator in the Management Bureau, and as the acting senior deputy assistant administrator and acting Assistant administrator in the Bureau of Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance. Earlier in her career, Cromer served as a supervisory contracting officer, the USAID deputy mission director at Embassy Jakarta, regional supervisory contracting officer at the USAID Mission in Dakar, and she also held positions in the Ivory Coast and Pakistan, and as a contracting officer in the Office of Procurement in USAID’s Management Bureau. Cromer has a B.A. from Barnard College of Columbia University, and a J.D. from the Georgetown University Law School.

Claire D. Cronin | U.S. Ambassador to Ireland
Claire D. Cronin, of Massachusetts, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to Ireland, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as a representative, and as majority leader in the legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. During her service as a legislator, Cronin was also vice chair, and then chair of the Committee on the Judiciary. Since 2003, she has served as a mediator/arbitrator for Commonwealth Mediation. Prior to her election as representative, Cronin maintained the Law Office of Claire Cronin in Brockton, Mass. Earlier in her career, she was first a law clerk, and then an associate attorney at Wynn & Wynn, P.C. She serves on numerous committees and boards. Cronin has a B.A. from Stonehill College and a J.D. from Suffolk University. 

Elizabeth Anne Noseworthy Fitzsimmons | U.S. Ambassador to the Togolese Republic
Elizabeth Anne Noseworthy Fitzsimmons (SFS), of Delaware, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Togolese Republic, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as acting principal deputy assistant secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs. Prior to that, she served as deputy assistant secretary of state for Central Africa and Public Diplomacy. She was previously the acting deputy spokesperson for the Department of State from March to August 2018, deputy executive secretary to Secretaries of State John Kerry and Rex Tillerson, senior advisor at the Foreign Service Institute, deputy assistant secretary for public diplomacy in the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, and the Office of the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan. Fitzsimmons has also served in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Cambodia, India, and Bulgaria. Earlier in her career, she worked in the Operations Center and as deputy director of the Executive Secretariat. She has a B.A. from the University of Virginia and a certificate from the International Division at Waseda University in Tokyo. She speaks French, Chinese, and Bulgarian.

David R. Gilmour | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Equatorial Guinea
David R. Gilmour (SFS), of the District of Columbia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as chargé d’affaires ad interim at Embassy N’Djamena. He is a former ambassador to the Togolese Republic, deputy chief of mission in Malawi, where he served as chargé d’affaires ad interim for one year as well. Gilmour served in the Bureau of African Affairs as the deputy assistant secretary for Central Africa. He was director of East African Affairs, and director of public diplomacy for Africa, and served at the U.S. embassies in South Africa and Cameroon. He served as deputy chief of mission in Panama, counselor for public affairs at the U.S. Mission in Geneva, and other overseas assignments include Australia and Costa Rica. Gilmour has a B.A. from Saginaw Valley State University in Michigan, and an M.A. from the University of Texas at Austin. He speaks French and Spanish.

Laura S. H. Holgate | U.S. Representative to the Vienna Office of the United Nations
Laura S. H. Holgate, of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative to the Vienna Office of the United Nations, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as the vice president for materials risk management at the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a position she held since 2018. Prior to this, she served as the U.S. representative to the Vienna Office of the United Nations from 2016-2017. Prior to that, Holgate served as vice president for Russia and the Newly Independent States at the Nuclear Threat Initiative in Washington. She served as director of the Office of Fissile Material Disposition at the Department of Energy, special coordinator for cooperative threat reduction at the Department of Defense (DOD), and special assistant to the assistant secretary of defense for international security policy at DOD. She also served as special assistant to the acting director for U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament, and as a project coordinator at the Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. Holgate has a B.A. from Princeton University, and a M.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She speaks French.

Rashad Hussain | U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom
Rashad Hussain, of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as director for partnerships and global engagement at the National Security Council. He served as special envoy to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and special envoy for strategic counterterrorism communications, among other key roles in the Obama administration. Earlier in his career, Hussain worked as a legislative aide for the House Judiciary Committee, he was a 2003 fellow of the Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowships for New Americans, and he served as a law clerk for civil rights icon Damon J. Keith of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Hussain has a B.A. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, an M.A. and M.P.A. from Harvard University, and a J.D. from Yale University. 

Christopher P. Lu | U.S. Representative to the United Nations for Management and Reform, and as Alternate U.S. Representative to the Sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations
Christopher P. Lu, of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative to the United Nations for Management and Reform, and as Alternate U.S. Representative to the Sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations, Dec. 20. He was the 35th deputy secretary of labor from April 2014 to Jan. 2017. Lu served as assistant to the president and White House cabinet secretary for President Barack Obama, and as co-chair of the White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. He also served as legislative director and acting chief of staff for Obama in his U.S. Senate office, after briefly serving as an advisor on Senator John Kerry’s 2004 presidential campaign. Earlier in his career, Lu served as a law clerk to Judge Robert Cowen in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, and he worked as a litigation attorney in Washington. He also served as deputy chief of counsel for Representative Henry Waxman and the Democratic staff of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee of the House of Representatives. He served as a senior fellow at the University of Virginia Miller Center. Lu has a B.A. from Princeton University, and a J.D. from Harvard University. 

Jack A. Markell | U.S. Representative to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Jack A. Markell, of Delaware, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Dec. 20. A former governor and state treasurer of Delaware, Markell previously served as the president of Jack Markell Consulting, LLC. He is a former senior vice president of Comcast Corporation and Nextel Communications. He has served as chair of the National Governors Association, president of the Council of State Governments, and chair of the Democratic Governors Association. Markell has a B.A. from Brown University and an M.B.A. from the University of Chicago.

Marc Ostfield | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Paraguay
Marc Ostfield (SES), of Pennsylvania, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Paraguay, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as the Department of State’s ombudsman. From 2013-2018, Ostfield served as acting director and deputy director of the Foreign Service Institute. He served as director of the Office of Policy and Global Issues in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, and senior advisor on bioterrorism, biodefense, and health security in the Department’s Office of International Health and Biodefense. From 1987-2002, he created and led large-scale HIV/AIDS and global health programs worldwide.  Over the course of his career, he has worked in more than 50 countries throughout Europe, Latin America, Asia, and the Near East—and with the U.S. and many international organizations. Ostfield has a B.A., M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. He speaks Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, and French.

Brian Wesley Shukan | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Benin
Brian Wesley Shukan (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Benin, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as chief of mission at Embassy Khartoum. From 2017-2019, Shukan served as the Department of State’s director of the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan. He has served as deputy chief of mission in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, including 11 months as chargé d’affaires, and as consul general in Casablanca. Earlier in his career, Shukan was deputy political counselor at Embassy Baghdad, and led the political section at Embassy Accra. He also served as political officer in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia desk officer in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, consular/political officer in Luxembourg; and general services officer in Cotonou. Shukan has a B.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a J.D. from Washington University in St. Louis, and an M.A. from the Naval War College. He speaks French and Arabic.

Cynthia Ann Telles | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Costa Rica
Cynthia Ann Telles, of California, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Costa Rica, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as a clinical professor in the University of California, Los Angeles’ (UCLA) Department of Psychiatry. She also served on the Executive Committee of the UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, and has been director of the UCLA Spanish-Speaking Psychosocial Clinic for more than thirty years. Telles is the founding director of the UCLA Hispanic Neuropsychiatric Center of Excellence. She served on the board of the Pacific Council on International Policy, was the chair of the Los Angeles/U.S. Section of the Mexico-Los Angeles Commission, and has served on numerous other boards and commissions. Telles has a B.A. from Smith College and a Ph.D. from Boston University. She speaks Spanish. 

Ramin Toloui | Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs
Ramin Toloui, of Iowa, was appointed to serve as the new Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs, Dec. 17. Previously, he served as a volunteer member of the Joe Biden presidential transition Agency Review Team supporting transition efforts related to the Department of State. Prior to that, he served as a professor of international finance and fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. In 2014, Toloui was appointed to serve as the Department of Treasury’s assistant secretary of the treasury for international finance and development. Also at the Department of Treasury, he served as deputy director and international economist in the Office of Central and Southeastern Europe, senior adviser to the under secretary for international affairs, and director of the Office of Western Hemisphere. Earlier in his career he served as a portfolio manager for Pacific Investment Management Company, LCC, where he also served as global co-head of Emerging Markets Portfolio Management, and chaired the firm’s Asia-Pacific Portfolio Committee. He has a B.A. from Harvard University and an M.Phil. from Balliol College at Oxford University. 

Anne A. Witkowsky | Assistant Secretary of State for Conflict and Stabilization Operations
Anne A. Witkowsky, of Maryland, was appointed to serve as the new Assistant Secretary of State for Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Jan. 6. In government roles, Witkowsky most recently served as deputy assistant secretary of defense for stability and humanitarian affairs from 2014-2016 in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy at the Department of Defense. Prior to that, she served in the Department of State as the acting principal deputy coordinator in the Bureau of Counterterrorism (CT), and the CT deputy coordinator for Homeland Security and Multilateral Affairs. From 1993-2000, she served as a director for defense policy and arms control on the White House National Security Council staff, and she spent her early government career in DOD’s Office of the Secretary of Defense for Policy, where she started out as a presidential management intern in 1988. Outside government, Witkowky has been a non-resident senior democracy fellow at Freedom House and a senior fellow and non-resident senior associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Among other advisory roles, she served as a senior advisor to the U.S. Institute of Peace 2019 Task Force on Extremism in Fragile States, and as a member of the 2019 CSIS Task Force on Humanitarian Access. Witkowsky has a B.A. from Yale University, and an M.P.A. from Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. 


February 2022

Michael M. Adler | U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium
Michael M. Adler, of Florida, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as chairman and chief executive officer of the Adler Group, Inc., one of South Florida’s largest real estate companies. He has served as chairman of the Mount Sinai Medical Center, president of the Greater Miami Jewish Federation where he served as a representative at the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, and as vice chairman of Florida International University’s Board of Trustees. He also participates on various boards with charities and non-profit organizations. Adler has a B.A. from the University of Miami.

Larry Edward André Jr. | U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Somalia
Larry Edward André Jr. (SFS), of Texas, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Somalia, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as ambassador to Djibouti from 2017-2021, and ambassador to Mauritania from 2014-2017. André has served as senior advisor for the Bureau of African Affairs, director of the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, deputy chief of mission in Dar es Salaam, political counselor in Nairobi, deputy director of the Office of West African Affairs, deputy chief of mission in Freetown, regional environment officer in Addis Ababa, and management officer in Conakry. He has also served in Bangladesh, Cameroon, and Nigeria. Prior to joining the Foreign Service, he worked with a nongovernmental organization in Chad, as a Peace Corps staff member in Washington, and as a volunteer in Senegal. Andre has a B.A. from Claremont McKenna College, and an M.B.A. from the American Graduate School of International Management. He speaks French. 

Elizabeth Moore Aubin | U.S. Ambassador to the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Elizabeth Moore Aubin (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as acting principal deputy assistant secretary and deputy assistant secretary for regional multilateral affairs in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA). Aubin served in several leadership positions in NEA and the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs (SCA), as deputy chief of mission and then chargé d’affaires in Ottawa, executive director for the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, deputy chief of mission in Algiers, special assistant to the under secretary for management, post management officer in WHA, and as a watch officer and a line officer. Overseas, she has also served as a management counselor in Tel Aviv, international resource management officer for the U.S. Mission to N.A.T.O. in Brussels, management officer in Toronto, and general services officer in Hong Kong, as well as tours in Rome and Curacao. She is also an elected board member of Executive Women @ State. Aubin has a B.A. from Barnard College and has attended Syracuse University’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. She speaks French and Italian. 

John R. Bass | Under Secretary of State for Management
John R. Bass (SFS), of New York, was appointed to serve as the new Under Secretary of State for Management, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as a senior advisor at the Foreign Service Institute. Bass has served as ambassador to Afghanistan, ambassador to Turkey, executive secretary of state, and ambassador to Georgia. Overseas, he has served in positions in Iraq, Italy, Belgium, and Chad. In Washington, he has served on Vice President Dick Cheney’s staff, chief of staff and advisory to Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott, director of the Department of State’s Operations Center, and in several assignments focused on European security issues. Bass has a B.A. from Syracuse University. He speaks Italian and French.

Thomas Barrett | U.S. Ambassador to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Thomas Barrett, of Wisconsin, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Dec. 17. Barrett has served as mayor of Milwaukee since 2004. He served five terms as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and was a state senator and state representative in Wisconsin. He has served on a number of committees during his long career in public service, and earlier in his career, he clerked for the Honorable Robert W. Warren in the Federal District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin. Barrett has a B.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and a J.D. from the University of Wisconsin Law School in Madison. 

Denise Campbell Bauer | U.S. Ambassador to the French Republic, and the new U.S. Ambassador to the Principality of Monaco
Denise Campbell Bauer, of California, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the French Republic, and the new U.S. Ambassador to the Principality of Monaco, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as security director of Women for Biden. Bauer served as ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium from 2013-2017. Bauer began her career as a television journalist. She then moved into leadership positions with a number of non-profit organizations. Bauer became active in national politics in 2007, serving on the Obama for America National Finance Committee during both of his presidential election campaigns, and as a national finance chair for Women for Obama in 2012. She was also on the DNS National Finance Committee, where she served as chair of the Women’s Leadership Forum and co-chair of the annual National Issues Conference for four consecutive conferences. Bauer has a B.A. from Occidental College. She speaks French. 

Maria E. Brewer | U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Lesotho
Maria E. Brewer (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Lesotho, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as ambassador to the Republic of Sierra Leone. Prior to that, Brewer served as the deputy director for career development and assignments in the Bureau of Human Resources, deputy chief of mission and chargé in Abuja, and she also was part of the management leadership team in Islamabad. Earlier in her career, Brewer served in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Mumbai, India, Freetown, Sierra Leone, and Lagos. In Washington, Brewer served as deputy executive director and supervisory post management officer in the Bureau of African Affairs, as special assistant for the under secretary for management, and as special assistant for the assistant secretary for administration. Brewer has a B.A. from Valparaiso University, and a M.S. from the National Defense University. She speaks Spanish.

Mark Brzezinski | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Poland
Mark Brzezinski, of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Poland, Dec. 20. Brzezinski is founder and previously served as principal of Brzezinski Strategies LLC. He has served as ambassador to Sweden, managing director at Makena Capital Management, and as the first executive director of the White House’s Arctic Executive Steering Committee. Prior to serving with the Obama Administration, Brzezinski was a partner at McGuireWoods LLP in Washington. From 1999 to 2001, he served on President Bill Clinton’s National Security Council staff, first as a director for Russia and Eurasia, and then as a director for the Balkans. He is a member of both the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. He also served as a Fulbright Scholar in Poland between 1991-1993. Brzezinski has a B.A. from Dartmouth College, a J.D. from the University of Virginia, and a Ph.D. from Oxford University.

R. Nicholas Burns | U.S. Ambassador to the People’s Republic of China
R. Nicholas Burns, of Massachusetts, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the People’s Republic of China, Dec. 17. Previously, he served as professor of the practice of diplomacy and international relations at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. He also served as executive director of the Aspen Strategy Group and Security Forum and senior counselor at the Cohen Group. A career diplomat, Burns previously served as under secretary of state for political affairs, ambassador to NATO and to Greece, Department spokesman, and on the National Security Council staff on Soviet and Russian affairs. Burns has a B.A. from Boston College and an M.A. from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He speaks French, and has familiarity with Arabic and Greek. 

Bathsheba Nell Crocker | U.S.  Representative to the Office of the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva
Bathsheba Nell Crocker, of the District of Columbia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S.  Representative to the Office of the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as a senior advisor at the Department of State. From 2017-2020, Crocker served as a vice president covering humanitarian issues at CARE USA. Prior to that, she served with the Department as assistant secretary of state for international organization affairs, senior advisor to the secretary of state, principal deputy director in the Office of Policy Planning, and as chief of staff to the deputy secretary of state. Earlier in her career, Crocker was an attorney-adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser; deputy U.S. special representative for Southeast Europe Affairs, and executive assistant to the deputy national security advisor at the White House. She also held senior roles at numerous foundations and has served as a fellow at the University of Pennsylvania and the Brookings Institution; at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University; and at the Council on Foreign Relations, as an International Affairs Fellow. She has taught at Johns Hopkins University, George Washington University, and American University. Crocker has a B.A. from Stanford University, an M.A. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Rahm Emanuel | U.S. Ambassador to Japan
Rahm Emanuel, of Illinois, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Dec. 20. He previously served as the mayor of the city of Chicago, and as the White House chief of staff to President Obama. From 2003 to 2009, Emanuel served in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he held a number of leadership positions. He also served as assistant to the president for political affairs and senior advisor for policy and strategy during the Clinton Administration. Emanuel is currently national chair of the Advisory Council of Youth Guidance’s Becoming a Man mentoring program. He has a B.A. from Sarah Lawrence College and an M.A. from Northwestern University.

Troy Damian Fitrell | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea
Troy Damian Fitrell (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as director of the Office of West African Affairs. Fitrell has served as deputy chief of mission in Ethiopia and Mauritius, and as deputy director of the Office of Southern African Affairs. He was senior advisor to the United States special envoy for the great lakes of Africa, a Pearson Fellow on the staff of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and he also served overseas as chief of the Political Section in Portugal, labor attaché in Guatemala, chief of the economic section in Zambia, and as a political and consular officer in Ghana and Denmark. Fitrell has a B.A. from the University of Maryland and an M.S. from the National War College. He speaks French, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, and Danish.

Jeffry Lane Flake | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Turkey
Jeffry Lane Flake, of Arizona, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Turkey, Dec. 7. Flake served as a distinguished fellow at Arizona State University and a distinguished fellow at the Sorensen Center for Moral and Ethical Leadership at Brigham Young University. He was a member of Congress for 18 years, representing Arizona in the U.S. Senate (2013-2019) and the U.S. House of Representatives (2001-2013), where he served on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee. He was a former contributor to CNN and CBS News, and was director of Taylor Morrison, a home builder in Scottsdale, and a former executive director of the Goldwater Institute in Phoenix. Flake was a resident fellow at Harvard University’s Institute for Politics and served on its Senior Advisory Committee. Early in his career, he lived overseas as executive director of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia.  He has a B.A. and an M.A. from Brigham Young University. He speaks Afrikaans.  

Rufus Gifford | Chief of Protocol
Rufus Gifford, of Massachusetts, was appointed to serve as the new Chief of Protocol, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as deputy campaign manager on President Joe Biden’s presidential campaign. He served as ambassador to Denmark from 2013-2017, and prior to that served as a senior staff member of President Barack Obama’s 2012 re-election campaign. Gifford served as finance director for the Democratic National Committee in Washington, and has served in positions in many other presidential campaigns. Earlier in his career, Gifford worked as an assistant to producer John Davis in Hollywood, and appeared in films as an actor. Gifford has a B.A. from Brown University. 

Mark Gitenstein | U.S. Representative to the European Union
Mark Gitenstein, of Washington, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative to the European Union, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as senior counsel at Mayer Brown LLP, Gitenstein served as ambassador to Romania, and spent 17 years in the U.S. Senate, as chief counsel or minority chief counsel of the Judiciary Committee, chief counsel of the Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on criminal justice, and counsel for the Intelligence Committee. He has also served as a senior lecturer and co-director of the University of Washington’s Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine Study. Gitenstein has an A.B. from Duke University and a J.D. from Georgetown University Law School.

Peter D. Haas | U.S. Ambassador to the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Peter D. Haas (SFS), of Virginia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as acting assistant secretary of state for economic and business affairs and concurrently held the position of principal deputy assistant secretary in the same bureau. Haas was senior advisor/deputy assistant secretary for trade policy and negotiations, deputy permanent representative to the U.S. Mission to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris. He has served in positions across five geographic bureaus, including as consul general in Mumbai, economic counselor in Jakarta, economic officer in London, Rabat, and in the Office of East European Assistance, in Haiti, and in Berlin. Haas has a B.A. from Wesleyan University and attended the London School of Economics as a Marshall Scholar, where he earned M.Sc. He speaks French and German.

Jamie L. Harpootlian | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Slovenia
Jamie L. Harpootlian, of South Carolina, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Slovenia, Dec. 20. She previously served as counsel to the law firm of Richard A. Harpootlian, P.A. in Columbia, S.C. She was a court-appointed special master who facilitated case resolution in complex, mass disaster class actions by formulating and implementing fair and equitable criteria to allocate and distribute settlement funds. Harpootlian served as a hearing officer on the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund of 2001 at the Department of Justice on behalf of the Special Master Kenneth Feinberg, serving as a special government employee. She served 17 years as a career judicial law clerk for the United States District Court in the Eastern District of Louisiana, and is also a leader and patron of non-profit groups supporting the environment, the arts, and historic resources. Harpootlian has a B.A. from Mary Baldwin University and a J.D. from Tulane University Law School. She speaks basic French.

Marc Evans Knapper | U.S. Ambassador to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Marc Evans Knapper (SFS), of California, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as the deputy assistant secretary for Japan and Korea in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. Knapper served as chargé d’affaires in Seoul, and in 2017 and 2018, served as the deputy chief of mission. Formerly, Knapper was director of the Office of India Affairs and director of the Office of Japanese Affairs. He spent three years leading the political section in Hanoi, and held other leadership positions in Baghdad, and in Tokyo. Earlier in his career, Knapper served in the Office of China and Mongolia Affairs, he held two assignments in Seoul, and he served as Ambassador Walter Mondale’s aide in Tokyo. Knapper has a B.A. from Princeton University and an M.A. from the Army War College. He also studied at the University of Tokyo prior to joining the Foreign Service. He speaks Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese.

Kent Doyle Logsdon | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Moldova
Kent Doyle Logsdon (SFS), of Pennsylvania, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Moldova, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as chief of staff to the under secretary for economic growth, energy and the environment. Logsdon has served as principal deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of Energy Resources, and was the deputy chief of Mission in Berlin, where he also served as chargé d’affaires. Prior to that, Logsdon was the chief of staff to the deputy secretary of state for management and resources, and deputy executive secretary. Earlier in his career, he served as director of the Operations Center, director of the Office of Russian Affairs, and deputy chief of Mission in Tbilisi. He has also served at posts in Kyiv, Bangkok, Almaty, Islamabad, and Stuttgart. He has a B.A. from the University of Notre Dame, and an M.A. from the University of Virginia. He speaks Russian, Ukrainian, Thai and German.

Caryn R. McClelland | U.S. Ambassador to Brunei Darussalam
Caryn R. McClelland (SFS), of California, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to Brunei Darussalam, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as minister counselor for economic affairs in London, and served as acting deputy chief of mission during the United Kingdom’s G7 Presidency. Prior to that, she served as deputy chief of mission in Vietnam and Latvia, as consul general in Surabaya, as acting principal deputy assistant secretary of the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, and as deputy special representative for commercial and business affairs in the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs. Earlier in her career, McClelland served as senior advisor for Caspian Basin Energy Diplomacy and regional energy advisor in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. She also worked overseas at posts in Azerbaijan, Malaysia, Turkmenistan, and Ireland. McClelland has a B.A. from the University of California Los Angeles, an M.A. from San Francisco State University, and an M.S. from the National War College. She speaks Indonesian, Latvian and Russian.

Scott Miller | U.S. Ambassador to the Swiss Confederation, and U.S. Ambassador to the Principality of Liechtenstein
Scott Miller, of Colorado, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Swiss Confederation, and U.S. Ambassador to the Principality of Liechtenstein, Dec. 20. Miller is an LGBTQ rights activist and philanthropist. He served as co-chair of the Gill Foundation’s board of directors, directing the foundation’s national giving strategy to advance LGBTQ equality. He has also served as an account vice president at UBS Wealth Management in Denver, and began his career as a management consultant for Accenture, followed by work as an event planner for global clientele. Miller has a B.A. from the University of Colorado Boulder. 

Michael J. Murphy | U.S. Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Michael J. Murphy (SFS), of New York, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dec. 20. Previously he served as deputy assistant secretary of state for the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs (EUR). He served as acting principal deputy assistant secretary of state for EUR, director of the Office for European Security and Political-Military Affairs in EUR, and associate dean of the Leadership and Management School at the National Foreign Affairs Training Center. Prior to that, Murphy served as deputy chief of mission in Gaborone, Botswana, chargé d’affaires in Botswana, deputy chief of mission in Pristina, and he served for three years as political counselor in Sarajevo. He has also served at posts in London, Yaoundé, and Lagos. In Washington, he served as chief of staff to both the assistant secretary of state for EUR and the director general of the Foreign Service, as well as desk officer for Bulgaria and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. His Foreign Service career included tenure in the Transatlantic Fellowship Program, and from 2001-2002, he served in the United Kingdom’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office as office director for Ukraine, Moldova, and Belarus. Prior to joining the Foreign Service in 1991, Murphy worked in the U.S. Congress for three years as the senior legislative aide to Congresswoman Marilyn Lloyd of Tennessee. He has a B.A. from Hamilton College.

Julissa Reynoso Pantaleon | U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Spain
Julissa Reynoso Pantaleon, of New York, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Spain, and the U.S. Ambassador to the Principality of Andorra, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as assistant to the president and chief of staff to Dr. Jill Biden, as well as co-chair of the Gender Policy Council at the White House. Reynoso Pantaleon served as ambassador to Uruguay and as deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. She is a former partner at the international law firms of Winston & Strawn LLP, and Chadbourne & Parke LLP in New York, and was a lecturer and adjunct professor at Columbia University School of Law and School of International and Public Affairs. She also clerked for the Honorable Federal Judge Laura Swain. Reynoso Pantaleon has a B.A. from Harvard University, an M.A. the University of Cambridge, and a J.D. from Columbia University School of Law. She speaks Spanish.

Erik D. Ramanathan | U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Sweden
Erik D. Ramanathan, of Massachusetts, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Sweden, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as chairman of the Board of Heluna Health, a national public health non-profit. He served as executive director of the Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession, and board chair at Immigration Equality, the national legal services and advocacy organization for LGBTQ+ and HIV+ immigrants and asylees. Ramanathan served as senior vice president—general counsel of ImClone Systems, and chair of the non-profit board of New Politics Leadership Academy. Ramanathan has a B.A. from Johns Hopkins University and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Michael Raynor | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Senegal, and the U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Michael Raynor (SFS), of Maryland, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Senegal, and the U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as ambassador to Ethiopia. Raynor also served as the assistant chief of mission in Kabul, and as ambassador to Benin. Formerly, Raynor was the director of the Office of Career Development and Assignments in the Bureau of Human Resources, and executive director for the Bureau of African Affairs. Earlier in his career, Raynor served as a management officer in Zimbabwe, Namibia, Guinea and Djibouti (serving at each post for extended periods as chargé d’affaires or acting deputy chief of mission). Other earlier assignments included consular officer in Luxembourg, general services officer in Brazzaville, Zimbabwe desk officer, as well as legislative management officer and special assistant in the Bureau of Legislative Affairs. Raynor also served as an analyst for the U.S. Senate’s Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition in 1987. Raynor has a B.A. from Lafayette College, and an M.A. from Columbia University. He speaks fluent French.

Adam Scheinman | Special Representative of the President for Nuclear Nonproliferation
Adam Scheinman (SES), of Virginia, was appointed, Dec. 20, to serve as the new Special Representative of the President for Nuclear Nonproliferation, a position he held from September 2014 to January 2017. Previously, he served as a professor of practice and the Department of Energy faculty chair at the National War College. Scheinman has also served as senior advisor to assistant secretary for International Security and Nonproliferation, director for Nonproliferation on the White House National Security staff, and from 1999 to 2009, he held a number of positions in the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, including assistant deputy administrator in the Office of Nonproliferation and International Security; director in the Office of Export Control Policy and Cooperation in the Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation; and senior advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Nonproliferation and National Security. At the Department of Energy, he served as foreign affairs analyst in the Office of International Policy and Analysis Division. Before that, he was a policy analyst and program coordinator for several non-governmental organizations that focus on arms control and nonproliferation matters. Scheinman has a B.A. from Cornell University and an M.A. from George Washington University.

Michele Jeanne Sison | Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of International Organization Affairs
Michele Jeanne Sison (SFS), of Maryland, was appointed to serve as the new Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Dec. 20. Previously, she served as ambassador to Haiti, and as the U.S. deputy representative to the United Nations. Sison served as ambassador to Sri Lanka and Maldives, ambassador to Lebanon, and ambassador to the United Arab Emirates. Other diplomatic assignments included assistant chief of mission in Baghdad, principal deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asian Affairs, deputy chief of mission in Islamabad, consul general in Chennai, and tours in Côte d’Ivoire, Cameroon, Benin, and Togo. She also served as the Department of State’s director of Career Development and Assignments. She has a B.A. from Wellesley College, and also studied at the London School of Economics. 

Marc R. Stanley | U.S. Ambassador to the Argentine Republic
Marc R. Stanley, of Texas, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Argentine Republic, Dec. 20. Stanley has served as a trial lawyer, political activist, Jewish community leader, and philanthropist. He is the founder of the Stanley Law Group, a Dallas-based firm that focuses on national class actions and complex litigation. He served as chairman of the Texas Public Finance Authority by Governor Ann Richards, member of the Board of Visitors of the Air University of the United States Air Force, and as a council member of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Stanley is a member of the Board of Directors and has served as president of both the Texas Trial Lawyers Association and the Dallas Trial Lawyers Association. He has served as a board member and leader of many Jewish charitable and political organizations, including six years as chairman of the National Jewish Democratic Council. He currently serves on the executive committee of the Israel Policy Forum, and served as chairman of The Legacy Senior Communities, Inc., a Jewish senior housing initiative. Stanley has a B.B.A. from George Washington University, and a J.D. from the University of Texas-Austin. 

C.B. Sullenberger III | U.S. Representative on the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization
C.B. Sullenberger III, of Texas, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative on the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization, Dec. 7. He is a retired Air Force captain and fighter pilot, and airline captain—known for his role as pilot in command in the 2009 ditching of U.S. Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River off of Manhattan. He served as co-chairman of the Experimental Aircraft Association Young Eagles, and served with CBS News as an aviation and safety expert. Sullenberger has a B.S. from the United States Air Force Academy, an M.A. from Purdue University, and an M.P.A. from the University of Northern Colorado. 

Eugene S. Young | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Congo
Eugene S. Young (SFS), of New York, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Congo, Dec. 20. Previously, he served as the economic counselor in Jerusalem. Prior to that, Young was the chargé d’affaires and deputy chief of mission in Vienna, the consul, and senior civilian representative in Herat, and the deputy chief of mission in Ljubljana. Earlier in his career, he was the economic counselor in Nairobi, Kenya and the consul general in Durban, South Africa. Among Young’s other assignments, he served as a special assistant in the office of the deputy secretary of state, as a senior watch officer in the Operations Center, and as a desk officer for Hungary in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. He was also a sanctions officer in the U.S. Mission to the U.N., and served on the Economic Policy staff in the Bureau of African Affairs. Overseas he has also held assignments in Bratislava, Belgrade, Zagreb in the former Yugoslavia, and Kingston. Young has a B.A. from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio and an M.A. from George Washington University. He speaks German, French, Slovene, Slovak, and Serbo-Croatian.


January 2022

Michael Carpenter | U.S. Representative to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Michael Carpenter, of the District of Columbia, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Representative to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Nov. 10. Previously, he served as managing director of the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement at the University of Pennsylvania. Carpenter also served at the Department of State as deputy director of the Office of Russian Affairs, special Assistant for the under secretary for political affairs, political-military officer in the Office of European Security and Political Affairs, and advisor on regional conflicts in the Office of Caucasus Affairs and Regional Conflicts. Outside of the Department, he has served as a deputy assistant secretary of defense for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia, and was special advisor for Europe and Eurasia in the Office of the Vice President. He also served as director for Russia in the National Security Council. With OSCE, Carpenter has served as an election monitor, an advisor to the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs, and as the senior Pentagon official responsible for conventional arms control. He has a B.A. from Stanford University, and an M.A. and Ph.D from the University of California, Berkeley. He speaks Polish, Slovenian, Czech, French, and German.

Jeffrey M. Hovenier | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Kosovo
Jeffrey M. Hovenier (SFS), of Washington, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Kosovo, Nov. 19. Previously, he served as deputy chief of mission in Ankara, where he also served as chargé d’affaires from Aug. 2018 to July 2019. Prior to that, Hovenier served as deputy chief of mission and minister-counselor for political affairs in Berlin. He has served at posts in Croatia, Greece, Panama, Paraguay, and Peru as well as at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; on the staff of the United Nations Special Envoy for Kosovo Status; and on temporary assignments in Serbia, Montenegro, and a U.S. delegation to the 1999 Kosovo Peace Talks. In Washington, he was director for Central and Southeastern European Affairs at the National Security Council, and in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs with responsibility for NATO and Central European affairs. Hovenier has a B.A. from Brigham Young University, and an M.A. from Georgetown University. He speaks German, Greek, Croatian, and Spanish.

Jonathan Eric Kaplan | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Singapore
Jonathan Eric Kaplan, of California, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Singapore, Nov. 19. Previously, he served as founder and chief executive officer (CEO) of The Melt, a multi-unit California chain of fast casual restaurants based in San Francisco. He also founded and recently served as chairperson of EducationSuperHighway, a nonprofit organization to bring high-speed internet to 48.6 million children in K-12 classrooms across the nation. Kaplan also founded Pure Digital Technologies which was acquired by CISCO, and he served as senior vice president and general manager of its Consumer Products Division. He has served as president and CEO of Sega.com, and before that was founder and CEO of FamilyWonder, an entertainment and technology company. He is a longtime member and former chapter chair of the Young President’s Organization. Kaplan has a B.S. from Carnegie Mellon University.

Victoria Reggie Kennedy | U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Austria
Victoria Reggie Kennedy, of Massachusetts, was appointed to service as the new U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Austria, Nov. 15. Previously, she served as senior counsel in the corporate group of the international law firm Greenberg Traurig LLP. Kennedy served as  president of the board and co-founder of the Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate, a non-partisan non-profit that educates the public about the constitutional role of the U.S. Senate, encourages active citizenship, and works to inspire a new generation of civic and political leaders. She also chaired the Education Committee of the Board of Trustees of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, and is on the board of other non-profit and civic organizations. Earlier in her career, she clerked for Hon. Robert A Sprecher, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago. Kennedy has a B.A. from Newcomb College, and a J.D. from Tulane University School of Law.

Lee Satterfield | Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
Lee Satterfield, of South Carolina, was appointed to serve as the new Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Nov. 22. Previously, she was president and chief operating officer at Meridian International Center, a non-profit center for diplomacy that strengthens engagement between the United States and the world. She previously served in the Department of State as deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. Prior to that, Satterfield was deputy chief of protocol of the United States, and in the Clinton Administration, she held several senior positions including chief of staff to Secretary Alexis Herman at the Department of Labor, and special assistant to the president and staff director for The White House Office of Public Liaison. Satterfield has a B.A. from the University of South Carolina.

Julianne “Julie” Smith | U.S. Permanent Representative on the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Julianne “Julie” Smith, of Michigan, was appointed to serve as the new U.S. Permanent Representative on the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Nov. 19. Previously, she served in the Department of State as senior advisor to the secretary. Prior to that, she served as the director of the Asia and Geopolitics Programs at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. From 2014-2018, Smith served as the director of the Transatlantic Security Program at the Center for a New American Security, and from 2012-2013, she served first as the deputy national security advisor and then the acting-national security advisor to Vice President Joe Biden. Before the White House, she served as the principal director for European and NATO Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon for three years. She also directed the Europe Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Smith received a B.A. from Xavier University, and an M.A. from American University. She also studied at the University of Munich in Germany and the Sorbonne in Paris. Smith speaks French and German.h and German.


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